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In the Roman Empire, a mansio was an official stopping place on a Roman road, or via, maintained by the central government for the use of officials and those on official business whilst travelling.
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The term Lych-gate is from the Old English for corpse or dead body,
which would lie in the gate-house before a funeral.
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Dry Riser
A Dry Riser is a system of pipes and valves installed in tall buildings or building with restricted access that enables the fire service to pump water to specific predetermined points within the building. Dry Riser systems have an inlet valve typically located outside the building at ground level in a lockable box with wired glass.
It is at this point the fire service would connect their water supply and pump it into the building, connecting a hose to an outlet valve at the required level to fight a fire.
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GeoCities was an important outlet for personal expression on the Web for almost 15 years, but was discontinued on 26 October, 2009. On July 2009 Yahoo announced that the popular free hosting service Yahoo GeoCities was closing down. On 26 October all the existing web pages were finally deleted from the Yahoo servers.
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Ivon Sydney Hitchens
Artist, Born London 1893 died 1979 Petworth
Ivon Sydney Hitchens born London in 1893, was the only child of landscape painter Alfred Hitchens and Ethel Margaret Seth-Smith, a talented amateur artist. Following his early education at Conamur School, Sandgate, Kent, Hitchens attended Bedales School, Hampshire from 1903 until acute appendicitis cut short his school days and sent him on a recuperative voyage to New Zealand. His art education began at St John's Wood School of Art, London from 1911 and continued at the Royal Academy Schools from 1912-16. He returned to the RA Schools between 1918-19, following two years' service in hospital supply during the First World War. Still not fully recovered from his youthful illness, Hitchens was declared unfit for active service in 1914.
Hitchens married Mary Cranford Coates on 27th June 1935. He and his wife left London in 1940 with their only child, John, for a caravan at Greenleaves, Lavington Common near Petworth, Sussex, after a bomb landed next door to his Hampstead studio. 1940 also marked the first of ten one-man exhibitions for the artist at the Leicester Galleries. For the next forty years, his six acres of woodland near Midhurst became his home, place of study and constant source of inspiration.
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Mr. J. Howard Smith
Aug 2015
Lois Smith kindly contributed a number of images of Bognor, previously owned by her father in law.
She wrote: .."I am happy for you to use my name but for archive purposes it may mean more to say something like 'from the documents of the late J. Howard Smith of Felpham'.
He was an antique and postcard collector".
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On roads, lengthsmen were responsible for a few miles between adjacent villages and sometimes their duties encompassed the village itself. Employed by local parish councils, their job was, among other things, to keep grass and weeds down in the verge, keep drainage ditches clear, and sometimes repair fences.
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Councils revive medieval tradition


King Edward II

25 April 1284 21 September 1327 - reigned as King 1307-1327
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English Monarchs


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A short selection of links to a few of the many other pages from Gravelroots
The Vintage Trail | The Rother Valley Trail | Churches | Venue - Gigs and live music | Pubs & Hotels | Emergency Services archive | more
Rother Valley Modern Communities
Chithurst | Cocking | Didling | Duncton | Easebourne | East Lavington | Fernhurst | Fittleworth | Graffham
Harting | Heyshott | Iping | Lickfold | Linch | Lodsworth | Lurgashall | Midhurst | Milland | Northchapel | Nyewood
Petworth | Rogate | Selham | South Ambersham | Stedham | Sutton | Tillington | Trotton | Upperton
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